A laparoscopy is a type of keyhole surgery used to inspect and operate on the organs inside the abdominal and pelvic area. It has advantages over traditional surgery, including more rapid recovery, reduced pain and much smaller scars.
Laparoscopy involves the direct visualisation of the abdominal cavity by using a laparoscope. Laparoscopic surgery involves several small incisions in the abdomen to allow the insertion of surgical instruments and a small video camera, which the surgeon can view in real time. The surgeon watches the monitor and performs the operation by manipulating the surgical instruments through the small incisions.
Gas is used to inflate the belly so the surgeon can see the organs properly. It is usual to experience some pain at the tips of the shoulders (this can be moderate to severe), this is caused by pressure from the gas in your abdomen.